RR Plans and Exercises
What is Rapid Response?
Even the best prevention efforts cannot stop all invasive species. Early detection, rapid assessment and rapid response (EDRR) is a critical second defense against the establishment of aquatic invasive species. EDRR increases the likelihood that localized invasive populations will be found, contained, and eradicated before they become widely established. EDRR can slow range expansion, and avoid the need for costly long-term control efforts. Effective EDRR depends upon the timely ability to answer critical questions such as:
What is the species of concern, and has it been authoritatively identified?
Where is it located and likely to spread?
What harm may the species cause?
What actions (if any) should be taken?
Who has the needed authorities and resources?
How will efforts be funded?
Why should you care?
Invasive species exact a high price from both society and our environment, threatening native fish and wildlife and their habitats. Invasive species:
Cost Americans more than $137 billion a year.
Impact nearly half the species listed as threatened or endangered.
Can devastate key industries including seafood, agriculture, timber, hydro-electricity, and recreation.
Impede recreation such as boating, fishing, hunting, gardening, and hiking.
Spread easily by wind, water, animals, people, equipment, and imported goods.
Increase frequency and intensity of wildfires and livestock poisonings.
Destabilize soil and alter hydrology of streams, rivers, lakes, and wetlands.
Successful Early Detection and Rapid Response Programs include:
Potential threats are being identified in time to allow risk-mitigation measures to be taken;
New invasive species are being detected in time to allow efficient and environmentally sound decisions to be made;
Responses to invasions are effective and environmentally sound and prevent the spread and permanent establishment of invasive species;
Adequate and timely information is being provided to decision-makers, the public, and to trading partners concerned about the status of invasive species within an area; and
Lessons learned from past efforts are being used to guide current and future efforts.
Rapid Response Plans and Exercises
Columbia River Basin RR Plan
Columbia River Basin Interagency Invasive Species Response Plan: Zebra Mussels and Other Dreissenid Species (February 2014) (amended March 8, 2017) (.pdf)
Columbia River Basin Interagency Invasive Species Response Plan: Zebra Mussels and Other Dreissenid Species without Appendices (February 2014) (amended March 8, 2017) (.pdf)
Appendix A—Dreissenid Biology
Appendix B—Rapid Response Checklists
Appendix C—Notification Lists and Procedures
Appendix D—Containment, Control, and Eradication
Appendix E—Regulatory Requirements
Appendix F—Contingency Plans
Bonneville Hydroelectric Project Response Plan for Zebra Mussels (Dreissena polymorpha)
Appendix G—Sample Documents
Model Letter of Agreement
Sample Press Release in the Event of Discovery of Dreissenid Mussels in the Columbia River Basin
Sample State Declaration of Emergency
Sample Delegation of Authority
Appendix J—Dreissenid Mussel Laboratories
State Rapid Response Plans and Guidelines
Oregon (Amended April 2017)
Washington (Amended June 2017)
Montana (Amended June 2018)
State Rapid Response Exercises
Montana Rapid Response Exercise After Action Report, Flathead Lake (September 2018)
Western Regional Panel
Federal Rapid Response Plans
Columbia River Basin Dreissenid Mussel Rapid Response Action Plan Programmatic Environmental Assessment (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Northwestern Division/Walla Walla District, 2019)
Provincial Rapid Response Plans and Guidelines
Rapid Response Work Group
The Pacific NorthWest Economic Region, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Portland State University Center for Lakes and Reservoirs, and the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission sponsored a workshop on May 15, 2013 entitled, “Preventing an Invasion: Building a Regional Defense against Quagga and Zebra Mussels”. The workshop convened 90 individuals representing Canadian and Pacific Northwest irrigation and water districts, water suppliers, legislators, state and federal agencies, tribal sovereign nations, nonprofit organizations, recreational boating interests, consortiums, and others in Vancouver, Washington. The workshop developed a set of action items addressing the challenges and barriers to prevent the introduction of invasive mussels to the Pacific Northwest. The information on this website includes the presentations from the workshop and the action plan developed to address prevention efforts in the Pacific Northwest. The action plan included the created of a Rapid Response Work Group and a Vulnerability Assessment Team in the Columbia River Basin.
Mussel Management in Southern California (R. De Leon, MWDSC)
IEAB Dreissenid Economic Impacts Study for the CRB (J. Ruff, NWPCC)
Briefing: Quagga and Zebra Mussel Threat to the Pacific Northwest
Guest opinion: The zebra and quagga mussel threat to the Pacific Northwest can be avoided with a reasonable investment in prevention
H.R. 1823: PLAQ Act of 2013
Z/Q Mussels Permitting Information
Z/Q Mussel Eradication and Control Information
Oregon and Washington Dreissenid Rapid Response Working Group Meeting Summary (DeBruyckere and Phillips 2013)
*Note: Includes Correspondence and Documentation; Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act Section 18 Emergency Exemption Project File Docket; Appendix C. Treatment Evaluation Methodology; Zequanox Product Label; Manufacturer’s Material Safety Data Sheet; Research and Development Project Report Summary: Efficacy of Pf CL 145A, Formulations for the Control of Zebra and Quagga Mussels at DeCew II Generating Station, St. Catherine’s, Ontario, Canada;. Comment Letters and Response to Comments